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    halcyon1's Avatar

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    Default Parking Charge Notice - NPE (Norfolk Parking Enforcement)

    Quote Originally Posted by mystery1 View Post
    I wish to appeal this parking charge on the following grounds.

    1. The charges are penalties and not a contractual charge, breach of contract or trespass. They are not a genuine pre estimate of loss either.

    2. In order to form a contract the signs need to be clear so that they must be seen by an average person. They were not. There was no breach of contract.

    3. NPE do not hold sufficient interest in the land to offer a motorist a contract to park. They have no locus standi.

    4. NPE have failed to adhere to the BPA code of practice.

    5. Unreliable, unsynchronised and non-compliant ANPR system.

    6. Keeper liability.



    1.The charges are penalties.

    The charges are represented as UNAUTHORISED PARKING. It was dark and the unlit signs were not seen by the driver. There is free parking available so any charge is extravagant and unconscionable. According to the BPA code "If the parking charge that the driver is being asked to pay is for a act of trespass, this charge must be proportionate and commercially justifiable. We would not expect this amount to be more than £100. If the charge is more than this, operators must be able to justify the amount in advance"

    £100 is clearly not proportionate to a stay in a car park in which the vehicle was allowed to park for free. Neither is it commercially justified because it would make no sense and in any event in was only ruled so in Parking Eye v Beavis in a car park where the operator paid £1000 per week, a case which in any event is being appealed to the supreme court. It is also noted that the judge in Beavis did rule it was a penalty although in that particular car park it was commercially justified due to the £1000 per week paid by the operator. The longer a driver stays in the various shops then the more profit is made. £100 is clearly a penalty. The £100 is not a genuine pre estimate of loss and is extravagant and unconscionable. It is a penalty. It is not an attempt to claim liquidated damages which should be a genuine pre estimate of loss. £100 cannot be so as the figures quoted include business costs.

    I require NPE to submit a full breakdown of how these losses are calculated in this particular car park and for this particular ‘contravention’. NPE cannot lawfully include their operational day to day running costs (e.g. provision of signs, ANPR and parking enforcement) in any ‘loss’ claimed. Not only are those costs tax deductible, but were no breaches to occur in that car park, the cost of parking 'enforcement ' would still remain the same.

    According to the Unfair Terms in Consumer Contract Regulations, parking charges for breach on private land must not exceed the cost to the landowner during the time the motorist is parked there. As the landowner allows free parking for shoppers and several hundred pounds were spent then there is no loss. The Office of Fair Trading has stated that ''a ‘parking charge’ is not automatically recoverable simply because it is stated to be a parking charge, as it cannot be used to state a loss where none exists.''

    The charge is an unenforceable penalty.


    2. Unclear and non-compliant signage, forming no contract with drivers.

    I require signage evidence in the form of a site map and dated photos of the signs at the time of the parking event. It was dark and the signs were unlit so the driver could not see them. I would contend that the signs (wording, position and clarity) fail to properly inform the driver of the terms and any consequences for breach, as in the case of Excel Parking Services Ltd v Martin Cutts, 2011. As such, the signs were not so prominent that they 'must' have been seen by the driver - who would never have agreed to pay £100 in a carpark where they could have paid nothing. It was not a genuine attempt to contract for unlimited parking in return for £100.

    As the PCN had no VAT content to it, it cannot be for a service. It must therefore be a penalty.


    3. Contract with landowner - no locus standi

    NPE do not own nor have any interest or assignment of title of the land in question. As such, I do not believe that NPE Has the necessary legal capacity to enter into a contract with a driver of a vehicle parking in the car park, or indeed to allege a breach of contract. Accordingly, I require sight of a full copy of the actual contemporaneous, signed and dated site agreement/contract with the landowner (and not just a signed slip of paper saying that it exists). Some parking companies have provided “witness statements” instead of the relevant contract. There is no proof whatsoever that the alleged signatory has ever seen the relevant contract, or, indeed is even an employee of the landowner. Nor would a witness statement show whether there is a payment made from either party within the agreement/contract which would affect any 'loss' calculations. Nor would it show whether the contract includes the necessary authority, required by the BPA CoP, to specifically allow NPE to pursue these charges in their own name as creditor in the Courts, and to grant them the standing/assignment of title to make contracts with drivers.

    In POPLA case reference 1771073004, POPLA ruled that a witness statement was 'not valid evidence'. This witness statement concerned evidence which could have been produced but was not. So if the operator produces a witness statement mentioning the contract, but does not produce the actual un-redacted contract document, then POPLA should be consistent and rule any such statement invalid.

    So I require the unredacted contract for all these stated reasons as I contend the Operator's authority is limited to that of a mere parking agent. I believe it is merely a standard business agreement between NPE and their client, which is true of any such business model. This cannot impact upon, nor create a contract with, any driver, as was found in case no. 3JD00517 ParkingEye v Clarke 19th December 2013 (Transcript linked): http://nebula.wsimg.com/0ce354ec6697...&alloworigin=1

    I refer the Adjudicator to the recent Appeal Court decision in the case of Vehicle Control Services (VCS) v HMRC ( EWCA Civ 186 [2013]): The principal issue in this case was to determine the actual nature of Private Parking Charges.

    It was stated that, "If those charges are consideration for a supply of goods or services, they will be subject to VAT. If, on the other hand, they are damages they will not be."

    The ruling of the Court stated, "I would hold, therefore, that the monies that VCS collected from motorists by enforcement of parking charges were not consideration moving from the landowner in return for the supply of parking services."

    In other words, they are not, as the Operator asserts, a contractual term. If they were a contractual term, the Operator would have to provide a VAT invoice, to provide a means of payment at the point of supply, and to account to HMRC for the VAT element of the charge. The Appellant asserts that these requirements have not been met. It must therefore be concluded that the Operator's charges are in fact damages, or penalties, for which the Operator must demonstrate his actual, or pre-estimated losses, as set out above.

    4. Failure to adhere to the BPA code of practice.

    The signs do not meet the minimum requirements in part 18. They were not clear and intelligible as required.

    The BPA Code of Practice states under appendix B, entrance signage:

    “The sign must be readable from far enough away so that drivers can take in all the essential text without needing to look more than 10 degrees away from the road ahead.”

    For a contract to be formed, one of the many considerations is that there must be adequate signage on entering the car park and throughout the car park. I contend that there is not. Upon returning to the car park after receiving this unjustified 'charge notice' to check the alleged terms at a later date, I had to get out of my car to even read the larger font on the signs, and the smaller font was only readable when standing next to a sign. They were also very brightly coloured but too busy, confusing and unclear. They were also unlit making them redundant in the dark.

    When with reference to the BCP Code of Practice, it actually states:

    "There must be enough colour contrast between the text and its background, each of which should be a single solid colour. The best way to achieve this is to have black text on a white background, or white text on a black background. Combinations such as blue on yellow are not easy to read and may cause problems for drivers with impaired colour vision"


    5. ANPR ACCURACY

    This Operator is obliged to ensure their ANPR equipment is maintained as described in paragraph 21.3 of the British Parking Association's Approved Operator Scheme Code of Practice. I require the Operator to present records as to the dates and times of when the cameras at this car park were checked, adjusted,calibrated, synchronised with the timer which stamps the photos and generally maintained to ensure the accuracy of the dates and times of any ANPR images.This is important because the entirety of the charge is founded on two images purporting to show my vehicle entering and exiting at specific times. It is vital that this Operator must produce evidence in response to these points and explain to POPLA how their system differs (if at all) from the flawed ANPR system which was wholly responsible for the court loss by the Operator inParkingEye v Fox-Jones on 8 Nov 2013. That case was dismissed when the judge said the evidence form the Operator was 'fundamentally flawed' as the synchronisation of the camera pictures with the timer had been called into question and the operator could not rebut the point.

    So, in addition to showing their maintenance records, I require the Operator in this case to show evidence to rebut this point: I suggest that in the case of my vehicle being in this car park, a local camera took the image but a remote server added the time stamp. As the two are disconnected by the internet and do not have a common "time synchronisation system", there is no proof that the time stamp added is actually the exact time of the image. The operator appears to use WIFI which introduces a delay through buffering, so "live" is not really "live". Hence without a synchronised time stamp there is no evidence that the image is ever time stamped with an accurate time. Therefore I contend that this ANPR "evidence" from this Operator in this car park is just as unreliable as the ParkingEye system and I put this Operator to strict proof to the contrary.

    6. Keeper liability.


    The protection of freedoms act 2012 schedule 4 allows the opportunity for parking companies liable for the actions of the driver but only if full compliance is achieved. In the case of an ANPR situation compliance with section 9 is required.

    Right to claim unpaid parking charges from keeper of vehicle

    4(1)The creditor has the right to recover any unpaid parking charges from the keeper of the vehicle.
    (2)The right under this paragraph applies only if—
    (a)the conditions specified in paragraphs 5, 6, 11 and 12 (so far as applicable) are met ....

    6(1)The second condition is that the creditor (or a person acting for or on behalf of the creditor)—

    (b)has given a notice to keeper in accordance with paragraph 9.

    9(1)A notice which is to be relied on as a notice to keeper for the purposes of paragraph 6(1)(b) is given in accordance with this paragraph if the following requirements are met.
    (2)The notice must—
    (a)specify the vehicle, the relevant land on which it was parked and the period of parking to which the notice relates;
    (b)inform the keeper that the driver is required to pay parking charges in respect of the specified period of parking and that the parking charges have not been paid in full;
    (c)describe the parking charges due from the driver as at the end of that period, the circumstances in which the requirement to pay them arose (including the means by which the requirement was brought to the attention of drivers) and the other facts that made them payable;
    (d)specify the total amount of those parking charges that are unpaid, as at a time which is—
    (i)specified in the notice; and
    (ii)no later than the end of the day before the day on which the notice is either sent by post or, as the case may be, handed to or left at a current address for service for the keeper (see sub-paragraph (4));
    (e)state that the creditor does not know both the name of the driver and a current address for service for the driver and invite the keeper—
    (i)to pay the unpaid parking charges; or
    (ii)if the keeper was not the driver of the vehicle, to notify the creditor of the name of the driver and a current address for service for the driver and to pass the notice on to the driver;
    (f)warn the keeper that if, after the period of 28 days beginning with the day after that on which the notice is given—
    (i)the amount of the unpaid parking charges specified under paragraph (d) has not been paid in full, and
    (ii)the creditor does not know both the name of the driver and a current address for service for the driver,the creditor will (if all the applicable conditions under this Schedule are met) have the right to recover from the keeper so much of that amount as remains unpaid;
    (g)inform the keeper of any discount offered for prompt payment and the arrangements for the resolution of disputes or complaints that are available;
    (h)identify the creditor and specify how and to whom payment or notification to the creditor may be made;
    (i)specify the date on which the notice is sent (where it is sent by post) or given (in any other case).
    (3)The notice must relate only to a single period of parking specified under sub-paragraph (2)(a) (but this does not prevent the giving of separate notices which each specify different parts of a single period of parking).
    (4)The notice must be given by—
    (a)handing it to the keeper, or leaving it at a current address for service for the keeper, within the relevant period; or
    (b)sending it by post to a current address for service for the keeper so that it is delivered to that address within the relevant period.
    (5)The relevant period for the purposes of sub-paragraph (4) is the period of 14 days beginning with the day after that on which the specified period of parking ended.
    (6)A notice sent by post is to be presumed, unless the contrary is proved, to have been delivered (and so “given” for the purposes of sub-paragraph (4)) on the second working day after the day on which it is posted; and for this purpose “working day” means any day other than a Saturday, Sunday or a public holiday in England and Wales.
    (7)When the notice is given it must be accompanied by any evidence prescribed under paragraph 10.
    (8)In sub-paragraph (2)(g) the reference to arrangements for the resolution of disputes or complaints includes—
    (a)any procedures offered by the creditor for dealing informally with representations by the keeper about the notice or any matter contained in it; and
    (b)any arrangements under which disputes or complaints (however described) may be referred by the keeper to independent adjudication or arbitration.


    The notice to keeper does not specify a period of parking. The notice merely indicates a time of entry in to the car park and an exit time from the car park. The BPA code of practice makes reference to the fact that entry is not parking and dictates a grace period must be allowed partly for this very reason. As the keeper is not the person who was driving the keeper cannot know what the period of parking is and the legislation dictates it must be specified, presumably for that very reason. In Woodchester v Swayne & Co [1998] EWCA Civ 1209 (14 July 1998) it was held that the specified information required to be provided by legislation should indeed be accurate and that the failure made the relevant notice invalid. It was also the deciding factor in Parking Eye v Mrs X Case No: 3JD08399 IN THE ALTRINCHAM COUNTY COURT.
    http://nebula.wsimg.com/c289944f81b4...&alloworigin=1


    Sections C, D, E & F has not been complied with at all. Other sections are not totally complied with either. The keeper is not invited to pay.

    There is no keeper liability and the appeal should be upheld.




    M1
    Hi @mystery1. This may be a long shot, and you may not see this on time. Anyway, my fiance is in similar situation with @Rob1710. As the owner of the car, he recently receive a debt collector letter acting on behalf of the creditor (which is the national parking enforcement previously known as Norfolk parking enforcement). It stated in there that he did not pay a parking charge notice and it is worth £160.

    The driver did not receive initial ticket. Also, my fiance did not receive the 'Notice to the Keeper' letter.

    Information from the debt collector letter have the correct date, however it did not mention the exact time of when the driver was park. The letter claimed that the ticket was issued in early august, but the owner of the car received the debt collector letter on the first week of December.

    The location mentioned from the letter was correct. The location according to the driver, was a parking space for budgens.
    The driver said it was too dark to see the pay and display sign and the time that the driver park in said location was after 9pm.

    The driver and the keeper of the car was surprised to received this letter straight from the debt collector company. I know that the £160 was overpriced considering that owner of the car nor the driver did not received the initial notice. (Also from what you stated from your previous message.)

    The debt collector was also using the Beaver case as an example. Having read similar forums, I know that the creditor (NPE) is notorious for sending threatening letters with no proper basis, I therefore suggested to the owner of the car and to the driver to ignore the initial debt collector letter.

    As expected, we received a second letter from the debt collector that since the owner of the car did not respond to the initial letter they take it as he is 'agreeing that he is reliable for it', and 'they will advice the creditor that they will take this to court.'
    They also add 'if their clients win the creditor may ask the court that the owner of the court will need to pay the solicitor's cost and court fees incurred by the creditor.


    I believe that the owner of the car and to the driver should still ignore the initial and second letter from the debt collector company as they are not the law nor the GOD. I know that he is reading forums such as this.

    But as it is threatening and as I saw your draft letter for @[COLOR=#3e3e3e]Rob1710, I was thinking to re-draft the letter as suggest it to the owner of the car so he can appeal to NPE. [/COLOR @mystery1 would you be able to help me to re-draft the letter or give some further advice so I could pass it to the owner of the car? Should I still advice the owner of the car to keep ignoring their letters?


    Your help would be really appreciated. Happy holidays!
    mashappy:
    Thank you!




  2. #2
    mystery1's Avatar

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    Default Re: Parking Charge Notice - NPE (Norfolk Parking Enforcement)

    1. It sounds like you are well out of time to appeal.

    2. They no longer are members of the BPA having moved to the IPC.

    3. They don't, as yet, do court. http://www.bmpa.eu/companydata/Natio...forcement.html

    I'd ignore unless court papers or a letter before action turns up.

    M1
    ********************************Signature********* ************************

    Private messages are off as all help on this site is on board.

    Please note i am now pretty much without access/time to help 5 days a week. Others will hopefully help you.


    I can only help with what you tell me. Post up information (other than names and addresses!).

    I NEVER enter any appeals or court documentation on your behalf. This is your responsibility.

    Upload images to your thread like this .Email kati@legalbeagles.info if you can't upload images/documents. She doesn't own a crystal ball as far as i'm aware so link to your thread or tell her how to find it !

    If you want to tell someone YOU were driving, go to confession.

    I,I,I,I,I,I should be avoided unless you are Jim Diamond.

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